As we come to the end of Data Privacy Week, it’s important to take stock of our progress. Yes, building an internet where privacy is the default is hard work, and yes, we still have a long way to go, but there were promising developments in 2021 for the internet and the globe. Here are 10 of the biggest privacy wins from last year.
It became easier for people to protect more of their data
Proton is leading the fight for an internet where privacy is the default, but we’re not the only organization working to protect your data. In 2021, several new products were released that will let you protect more of your data. The more data that is protected, the more private we all are.
Brave and You.com launch Google Search replacements
At this point, it is no secret that Google spies on anyone that uses its services. But Google Search is still the most popular search engine by a wide margin. Many of its rivals even rely on its index to provide you with results. But in 2021, Brave and You.com both released public betas of new search engines that will take on Google.
Brave Search uses its own independent web index to populate its results. It doesn’t track your queries and shows you why it ranked your results in that specific order. You.com lets you search without sharing your IP address and uses AI to summarize the results it thinks you want without showing you targeted ads.
Signal now lets you video call up to 40 people
As an end-to-end encrypted service ourselves, we have long admired Signal, the end-to-end encrypted chat service. In 2020, Signal introduced end-to-end encrypted group calls, which was already a big step forward. In 2021, they increased the limit of people on a group call from 5 to 40. It’s never been easier to ensure your big group calls stay private.
Countries around the world passed new privacy laws
While privacy legislation is not always flashy, without strong data privacy laws, companies are free to collect and abuse your data. Governments around the world are finally starting to take action.
South Korea forces Apple and Google to allow alternative payment systems
Even among Big Tech, it’s harder to find bigger or more powerful companies than Apple and Google. A large part of this power is based on their absolute control over the app markets on iOS and Android smartphones. This control insulates them from competition and allows them to dismiss calls for increased privacy protection from the public. The South Korean government is forcing Apple and Google to open up their app stores to alternative payment systems to break up their monopolistic power. Enforcement has been tricky, but this is an important and groundbreaking step toward a more fair and private internet.
The US government shows signs it will take on Big Tech
In 2021, the US government appointed Lina Khan and Alvaro Bedoya to the FTC, both outspoken critics of Big Tech’s anticompetitive practices and data privacy abuses (Lina Khan has since been confirmed by the Senate). As the saying about political appointments goes, “Personnel is policy”, and these appointments sent Big Tech a clear signal to expect vigorous scrutiny of their monopolistic behavior and privacy violations.
Quebec and Virginia pass new privacy legislation
Privacy is a human right, but there are not always laws that guarantee its protection. And even when there are, those laws are often outdated and don’t really apply to the data abuses we see on the internet. Both the Canadian province of Quebec and the US state of Virginia passed new data privacy laws similar to the GDPR and California’s Consumer Privacy Act.
Governments took on surveillance and abuse of personal data
Having rules on the books is one thing, backing them up with strong enforcement is another. For too long, companies that use their services to spy on people have been able to get away with their abusive practices. But there has been an overwhelming outcry for privacy protection from people around the world. It has led to new privacy legislation, and it has caused governments to go after the worst data abusers.
The two largest-ever GDPR fines were handed out for privacy abuses
The US government sanctions the NSO Group
The NSO Group sells spyware that can be used to break into people’s devices and monitor who they talk to, what they say, where they are, and more. NSO’s spyware was found to have been used to spy on over 180 journalists, including reporters, editors, and executives at the Associated Press, CNN, Financial Times, France 24, Reuters, The Economist, and The New York Times. As a result, in November 2021, the US government introduced sanctions against the company and several other spyware purveyors.
Demand for online privacy grew
New privacy-focused tools can be launched, new data privacy laws can be passed, and governments can even go after the worst abusers of personal data, but if people do not demand online privacy, we will never be able to build a more private internet. Fortunately, 2021 demonstrated that people are choosing to protect their personal data in ever-increasing numbers. Hopefully, we’ll look back and say that 2021 was the year when a privacy-by-default internet became inevitable.
DuckDuckGo averages 100 million queries a day
DuckDuckGo’s search volume grew by 47% in 2021, and it averaged over 100 million queries a day for the first time in November 2021. Each search on DuckDuckGo prevents Google from sweeping up even more data.
Millions of people choose Signal and Telegram
Proton passes 50 million signups
In 2021, we passed 50 million signups for our encrypted services. As an organization that began as a crowdfunded project seven years ago, this shows just how far privacy has come.